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Encyclopedia Dubuque


"Encyclopedia Dubuque is the online authority for all things Dubuque, written by the people who know the city best.”
Marshall Cohen—researcher and producer, CNN

Affiliated with the Local History Network of the State Historical Society of Iowa, and the Iowa Museum Association.


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Orlando McCraney. Photo courtesy: Bob Reding

MCCRANEY, Orlando. (Adams Co., IL, Sept. 22, 1826--Martinez, CA, Jan. 14, 1906). Publisher, Deputy Collector of Internal Revenue. McCraney's parents were the first to settle in Iowa, and his father, Thomas MCCRANEY, erected the first smelting furnace in the Dubuque area.

McCraney began learning the printing business at the age of seven working with MINER'S EXPRESS (THE) This paper was merged with the Dubuque Herald that he eventually owned.

During the CIVIL WAR, McCraney worked as a United States assessor. After the war he was employed as a United States tax collector until 1883. McCraney is credited with starting several other Iowa newspapers and surveying fourteen towns in Iowa.



Oldt, Franklin. History of Dubuque County, Iowa. Chicago: Western Historical Company, 1880, p. 842