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Encyclopedia Dubuque


"Encyclopedia Dubuque is the online authority for all things Dubuque, written by the people who know the city best.”
Marshall Cohen—researcher and producer, CNN

Affiliated with the Local History Network of the State Historical Society of Iowa, and the Iowa Museum Association.


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SCHEPLER, Herman. (Sabula, IA, Apr. 14, 1913,--Dubuque, IA, Dec. 18, 1986). In 1959 Schepler's unique background in physics and psychology led him to help train Able and Baker, the first two monkeys the United States used to test the effects of orbital space flight.

A special consultant to the United States space program in the 1960s, Schepler assisted in the development of cameras for the Ranger and Surveyor moon probes that sent back to Earth the first pictures of the moon. He was also involved in the design of the cameras for the Mariner probe that took the first close-up pictures of Mars.

An expert in the field of optics engineering, Schepler assisted the United States Air Force in establishing a tracking station in the Bahamas to track the course of ballistic missiles. He also helped design and position radar and tracking cameras during the development of Cape Canaveral. Schepler later taught at the UNIVERSITY OF DUBUQUE.