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Encyclopedia Dubuque


"Encyclopedia Dubuque is the online authority for all things Dubuque, written by the people who know the city best.”
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Affiliated with the Local History Network of the State Historical Society of Iowa, and the Iowa Museum Association.


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JEAN MARIE CARDINAL COMMEMORATIVE CANOE VOYAGE. The voyage was a re-enactment of the legendary voyage of Jean Marie CARDINAL, a French LEAD miner and fur trader. The commemorative voyage, scheduled to last fifteen days, left Dubuque on July 24, 1976. The canoeists' schedule called for stops in twenty-five cities during the trip. Rex Wellman of Dubuque portrayed Cardinal. Using twenty-six-foot canoes, the canoeists paddled at fifty-five strokes per minute to maintain a speed of approximately nine miles per hour.

After two weeks and an estimated 3.8 million strokes the voyage ended under the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri on August 5, 1976. (1)



1. Good, Stephen, "Canoe Voyagers Reach St. Louis," Telegraph Herald, August 6, 1976, p. 19