Joe was barely into adolescence when he hit the road, hopping a freight train and winding up in Milwaukee. He was part of an act called "Coffee and Doughnuts." Frisco performed with some of the first jazz bands in Chicago and New York City, including Tom Brown's Band from Dixieland, the Original Dixieland Jass Band, and the Louisiana Five. (3) He claimed to be the “World’s First Jazz Dancer”, and “the Frisco dance” or “Jewish Charleston” became the most widely imitated dance in the country. (4) Another crowd favorite called for Frisco, wearing a derby hat and smoking a large cigar, to stop dancing at the front the stage. While the music continued, he would twirl the derby sending it rolling along one arm and down the other while frantically puffing perfect smoke rings until be resumed dancing. This was called "The Frisco Shuffle." (5)
The great American novelist, F. Scott Fitzgerald, mentioned him in The Great Gatsby when describing one of Jay Gatsby's parties: (6)
"Suddenly one of these gypsies in trembling opal seizes a cocktail out of the air, dumps it down for courage and moving her hands like Frisco dances out alone on the canvas platform.
Once, when Bert Lahr was bragging at the Friar’s Club about taking numerous curtain calls after a show in Kansas City (a town notorious for its unresponsive audiences), Lahr wrapped up his story with an offer to buy the drinks:
“What would you like, Joe?”
“I’d l-l-like to see your act!”
On another occasion, while waiting in the wings at a benefit show he found himself standing next to Enrico Caruso, the great opera singer. He turned to the famous tenor and said, “Hey, Caruso, don’t do ‘Darktown Strutters Ball’. That’s my number and I follow you.”
One of his remarks, “Don’t applaud, folks, just throw money” continues to be used by comedians.
In the 1920s, Joe Frisco played the major vaudeville houses and in the 1930s, the top restaurants clubs. He developed celebrity status in vaudeville and later MOTION PICTURES by making the most of his pronounced stutter and his flashy jazz dancing. In the 1940s, he moved to Hollywood. (9) The Darktown Strutters' Ball became Joe Frisco's theme. Orchestras were known to start playing the tune as he entered a restaurant. This was revived in the film "Atlantic City" in 1944, in a nightclub scene recreating Ziegfelds Follies. (10) In 1932 Frisco earned an estimated $4,000 weekly while making the movie The Gorilla. He last appeared in Sweet Smell of Success in 1957 with Burt Lancaster and Tony Curtis.
Despite his salary, Frisco's overdue bills, bets at the track, and income tax troubles were well known among his friends in the film industry. He once said, "I was lucky at the track today! I got a ride home." (11) Although needing frequent loans from those he knew, an estimated twelve hundred well-wishers attended a testimonial dinner in his honor just weeks before his death. Addicted to gambling, he died penniless. (12)
1930 - The Song Plugger (Vitaphone)
1930 - The Hottentots
1930 - The Border Patrol
1930 - The Benefit
1931 - The Gorilla
1933 - Mr. Broadway (himself)
1938 - Western Jamboree (Frisco)
1940 - Ride, Tenderfoot, Ride
1944 - Atlantic City
1945 - Shady Lady
1946 - That's My Man
1950 - Riding High (himself)
1957 - Sweet Smell of Success [ DVD]
1. Sonny Watson's Sweetswing.com, http://www.streetswing.com/histmai2/d2frisc1.htm
2. Lowry, Ed; Charlie Foy; Paul M. Levitt, Joe Frisco: Comic, Jazz Dancer, and Railbird, SIU Press, 1999, p. 12
3. "Mae West: Joe Frisco," http://maewest.blogspot.com/2011/02/mae-west-joe-frisco.html
5. Tigges, John. They Came From Dubuque. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, 1983, p. 71
6. "Mae West: Joe Frisco."
7. "Marxology-Joe Frisco," http://www.marx-brothers.org/marxology/frisco.htm
8. "Joe Frisco," American Vaudeville Museum, http://www.vaudeville.org/profiles_A_H/index_files/Page375.htm
9. "Marxology-Joe Frisco"
11. "J-J-Joe Frisco Soon T-T-T-To Be on the Screen," Telegraph Herald, June 9, 1957, p. 28
12. "Mae West: Joe Frisco," http://maewest.blogspot.com/2011/02/mae-west-joe-frisco.html
13. Sonny Watson's Sweetswing.com, http://www.streetswing.com/histmai2/d2frisc1.htm