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Encyclopedia Dubuque


"Encyclopedia Dubuque is the online authority for all things Dubuque, written by the people who know the city best.”
Marshall Cohen—researcher and producer, CNN

Affiliated with the Local History Network of the State Historical Society of Iowa, and the Iowa Museum Association.


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FARLEY AND WOLCOTT. The Key City Cracker Factory of Farley and Wolcott was opened around July 1, 1878. In making the announcement, the Dubuque Herald commented that "one the machines measures nineteen feet six inches in length. (1) The name of the new bakery--KEY CITY STEAM BAKERY was announced on June 12, 1878. (2) In news items, however, the company was still being referred to by its original name in November of the same when an order for one hundred barrels of their assorted crackers was received from St. Paul, Minnesota. (3)

The 1878-79 and 1880 Dubuque City Directory listed the southwest corner of 6th and White.

"Prince Albert" and "Border Butter" were the names of their crackers. (4) Key City Steam Bakery also supplied crackers to the Chicago markets. (5)

In 1891 the equipment of the ALBEE BAKERY was moved to the site of Farley and Wolcott as both had been sold to the American Biscuit and Manufacturing Company on July 21, 1890. American Biscuit had been formed in Chicago with a capital of ten million dollars to compete with the New York Cracker Company. New York Cracker had been formed by the Diamond Match Company as a way to diversify itself with its excess cash. (6)



1. "Caught on the Fly," Dubuque Herald, June 5, 1878, p. 4

2. "Caught on the Fly," Dubuque Herald, June 12, 1878, p. 4

3. "Caught on the Fly," Dubuque Herald, September 22, 1878, p. 4. Online: https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=uh8FjILnQOkC&dat=18780922&printsec=frontpage&hl=en

4. "Caught on the Fly," Dubuque Herald, November 16, 1878, p. 4

5. "Caught on the Fly," Dubuque Herald, October 4, 1878, p. 4. Online: https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=uh8FjILnQOkC&dat=18781004&printsec=frontpage&hl=en

6. "A Company Cracker Factory," Dubuque Daily Herald, February 19, 1891, p. 2. Online: https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=_OG5zn83XeQC&dat=18910219&printsec=frontpage&hl=en