DUBUQUE OBSERVER. The Dubuque Observer appeared in the city for a few months between 1854 and 1855. The newspaper expressed a strong dislike of the foreign born (the Irish in particular) and Catholics. Following a belief of the time, the paper suggested there existed a Catholic conspiracy to overturn the Republic and Constitution. The paper suggested the "crazy old Pope" was the leader of this conspiracy. The Irish were described as "drunken and militant."
The vile tirades of the paper were rejected by most non-Catholics in Dubuque and Iowa. The presence of the paper, however, suggested the strength of the Know-Nothings which made up part of the new Republican Party. This did not make the new political party attractive to Catholics.
Gallagher, Mary Kevin. B.V.M. Seed/Harvest: A History of the Archdiocese of Dubuque. Dubuque, IA: Archdiocese of Dubuque Press, 1987