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Encyclopedia Dubuque


"Encyclopedia Dubuque is the online authority for all things Dubuque, written by the people who know the city best.”
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Affiliated with the Local History Network of the State Historical Society of Iowa, and the Iowa Museum Association.


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DEAF MUTE CRITIC (THE). A short-lived publication in Dubuque, the Critic was founded and closed between July and August 7, 1890. Professor De Coursey French was the editor and W. F. Fisher served as the business manager. Fisher quit his position toward the end of July and French claimed he had earned money which had not been paid. (1)

Fisher sued French for $16 and was awarded $4. French had legal representation. French, who was deaf and mute, represented himself. (2)

In March 1891, French sold his entire interest in the publication to Matthew McCook and Edward Holycross. (3)



1. "Deaf Mute in Trouble," Dubuque Daily Herald, August 7, 1890, p. 4. Online: https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=_OG5zn83XeQC&dat=18900807&printsec=frontpage&hl=en

2. "Local News in Brief," Dubuque Daily Herald, August 12, 1890, p. 4. Online: https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=_OG5zn83XeQC&dat=18900812&printsec=frontpage&hl=en

3. "Municipal Molecules," Dubuque Daily Herald, March 19, 1891, p. 4